The authors report the techniques used and the results obtained in a experimental study of autogenous ovary grafts in rabbits. The various methods of control--histological, hormonal and isotopic--used to measure the vitality of the grafts, showed their good quality. Active ovarian tissue was found to be present within the graft: 17 beta-oestradiol and progesterone secretion was demonstrated by means of radio-immunological plasma dosages and LH fixation in the ovarian tissue graft was shown by means of 131 iodine. This recovery was however accompanied by a loss of ovarian functional potential and chances of impregnation and gestation were reduced due to a strong peritoneal reaction.
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